The purpose of scaling and root planing is to remove harmful agents that can cause inflammation of the gum tissue and jawbone. Common etiologic agents removed by this conventional gum treatment include dental tartar or calculus. Doctors Network has simplified the process of finding a dentist or hygienist near you that accepts your insurance.
These non-surgical procedures which completely cleanse the periodontium, work miraculously for individuals experiencing gingivitis and/or even severe periodontal disease.
Why consider deep cleaning
Scaling and root planing can be used both as a preventative procedure and as a stand-alone treatment. Scaling and root planing is performed as a preventative measure for a periodontitis sufferer.
These are a few reasons why scaling and root planings may be required:
- Aesthetic effects
Scaling and root planing helps remove tartar and plaque from the teeth and below the gumline. On top of that, if superficial stains are present on the teeth, they will be cleaned in the process of the scaling and root planing procedure.
- Tooth protection
When gum pockets are deeper than 3mm, there is a greater risk of periodontal disease. As pockets deepen, they tend to house more dangerous bacteria. Eventually, an inflammatory response by the body begins to damage gum and bone tissue which may lead to tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the main etiology of missing teeth in the developed world.
- Disease prevention
The anaerobic oral bacteria that cause periodontitis can travel via the blood vessels to other parts of the body. Research supports that heart disease and lung infections have been linked to harmful periodontal bacteria. Scaling and root planing removes these bacteria and stops periodontitis, thus preventing the infectious bacteria from spreading to other parts of the body.
- Better breath
One of the most detectable signs of periodontal disease is halitosis or bad breath. Food particles and bacteria can cause a foul odor in the oral cavity which can easily be alleviated with treatments such as deep cleaning.
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What do scaling and root planing treatments entail?
Deep cleaning procedures are performed after an examination of the gums and teeth. Your dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform clinical exams, and make an accurate diagnosis before recommending or performing these procedures.
Depending on the current condition of the gingival, the amount of plaque and calculus present, the depth of the pockets, and the degree of the gum disease, novocaine may be administered.
This part of the treatment is usually performed using special dental instruments and may include an ultrasonic scaling device. The scaling tool removes calculus and plaque from the surface of the crown and root surfaces. Most of the time, the scaling instrument includes an irrigation process that can also be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums that can help reduce harmful oral bacteria.Root Planing
This part of the procedure is a specific treatment to remove the surface dentin and cementum that is infested with unwanted microorganisms, tartar, and toxins. The root of the tooth is smoothed to promote healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces stops micro-organisms from colonizing in the future.
After the procedure, the periodontal pockets may be treated with antibiotic agents. This will alleviate irritation and inflammation and help the gums heal quickly.
On the next appointment, the Brooklyn dentist or hygienist will carefully examine the gingival tissues again to see how the pockets have healed. Additional and more intensive treatments may be recommended if the gum pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth.
If you need more information about deep cleaning in Crown Heights, Brooklyn Heights, Fort Greene, Park Slope, Clinton Hill, or any other parts of Brooklyn, please ask Dr. Pooria Shahin DDS, your dentist at 1st Impression Dental.