Causes and Consequences of Obesity

Obesity is an important and chronic public health problem that is becoming increasingly common all over the world. Today, there is a significant increase in the number of people defined as obese due to the increase in the time spent in the office and home environment and the consumption of fast snacks instead of healthy foods at meals. Obesity, that is, having more fat mass than one should have, can cause serious health problems. If no precautions are taken, obesity can lead to serious health problems such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. So what are the conditions that cause obesity? What are the consequences of obesity? For all your curiosities about obesity and obesity treatment in Turkey, you can take a look at the details.

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The 2010 report of the Turkish Nutrition and Health Surveys prepared by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Turkey shows that the prevalence of obesity in Turkey is 20.5% in men and 41% in women and 30.3% in total. These figures show that obesity is a serious public health problem today. The most effective method used in the diagnosis of obesity is the calculation of body mass index. Body mass index is calculated by looking at the ratio of a person’s height and weight. According to the World Health Organization, people with a body mass index of 30 and above are defined as obese. In addition, if the body mass index is 25 and above, the person is considered to be a candidate for obesity and precautions should be taken. Waist circumference measurement is another parameter that helps to evaluate whether a person is at risk of obesity. According to the values determined by the World Health Organization, obesity can be considered if the waist circumference is 102 cm or more in men and 88 cm or more in women. Obesity treatment in Turkey is a disease that can be caused by various factors. If it is not recognized in the early period, it may progress and treatment may be more difficult. In addition to obesity treatment, Turkey also hosts services in health tourism. One of the most frequently served sectors is dental treatment service. Most of the patients who want to have a procedure do research on dental treatment in Turkey.

What are the Causes of Obesity?

When it comes to the causes of obesity, the first thing that comes to mind is unhealthy and irregular eating habits. In addition, there may be many causes of obesity, from endocrine system diseases to psychological disorders. Having information about the causes of obesity is also very important in preventing obesity. Some of the factors that cause obesity can be listed as follows:

1. Wrong eating habits:

One of the most important causes of obesity is wrong eating habits. Eating a carbohydrate-based diet instead of protein, consuming less vegetables and fruits, and consuming too much sugary and fatty foods can cause weight gain. In addition to these, some dietary behaviors can also be counted among the causes of obesity.

2. Genetic factors:

Until recently, obesity in Turkey was thought to be related only to dietary habits, but with scientific studies, genetic factors are now considered among the leading causes of obesity. The regulation of people’s eating habits begins in the womb and genetic factors play an important role in eating habits. According to scientific research, the risk of obesity is 80% in children whose both parents are obese. In fact, genes alone do not cause obesity. In obese people, genetic factors, malnutrition and sedentary lifestyle are usually seen together. According to some studies, it is stated that people whose first-degree relatives have obesity have twice the risk of obesity compared to other people.

3. Hormonal factors:

Disorders in hormone levels are not only the cause of obesity, but also the first among the consequences of obesity. As a result of the studies conducted, it is known by many people today that there is a link between obesity and thyroid hormones. For example, the hypothalamus plays a role in regulating eating habits. Sending hunger and satiety signals to the brain is possible thanks to the hypothalamus. A disruption in the hypothalamus can cause an increase in appetite, leading to obesity. In addition, the majority of obese patients have high TSH levels in their blood. In addition to these, insulin resistance, which is the resistance that develops in tissues and organs against the hormone insulin, is a common finding in obesity patients. Polycystic ovary syndrome, which is seen in women as a result of hormone disorders such as FSH and LH, can be considered both the cause and the result of obesity.

4. Psychological factors:

Psychological health problems can also be counted among both causes and consequences of obesity. Eating habits are usually determined during infancy and childhood. During these periods, it is a wrong approach for parents to force their children to eat or to apply pressure to prevent them from becoming overweight. This approach can lead to malnutrition problems and obesity in children in the future. In addition, sudden changes in people’s lives, such as death or separation, can cause mental distress. Some people with health problems such as depression and anxiety may see eating as a way to escape from these problems.

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